ACTUALIZATION OF EVALUATION IN COGNITIVE-COMMUNICATIVE FIELD

Автор(и)

  • Hanna Prihodko

Ключові слова:

frame, evaluation, evaluative utterance, sender, recipient, cognitive-communicative field.

Анотація

The paper targets at lingual means of actualizing frame-scripts’ evaluative potential. The article pursues a number of objectives: the study of realization of the structure of evaluative utterances in the frame; identification of functional-semantic features of this realization. The term “frame” is used primarily for the characterization of such structures of consciousness, which are formed for displaying situations in object-human cognitive activity. Frame is a declarative way of knowledge representation, which is formulated in terms of descriptions
and is a bundle of knowledge about a particular area of human activity, on the ontology of the world, the human representation of the system, thematically related to one picture, one act and one script. Such understanding of the frame gives grounds to speak of it as a definitely organized system (set) of propositions which schematize corresponding denotative situations, that is, as a minimum informative block. Therefore, the frame can be called
the cognitive-communicative field, or communicative frame. Formation of the frame as the specific structure of consciousness, corresponding to the representation of the event, has an ontological basis. The logical analysis of concepts, which provides for the establishment of the laws of its internal organization in order to identify its components and modeling their interactions, confirms the notion of the frame as a stereotypical situation.
As far as the person’s life-world is made up of many situations, their language and speech fixation needs the combination of situations into the utterances. Thus, the evaluative utterance is the product of a certain reflection pattern, scene, or a script in the communicative act. In accordance with socio-role status relationships
between participants of communication are spread mainly in the social sphere of communication, where social role reflects interactional conditions between the subject of communicative action and its object. According to some linguists, conditions of social interaction between communicants are based on three types of relations —
equality, subordination and dominance, which are implemented in the familiar, unconstrained, neutral and elevated communication (speech) registers. Communicative role as a kind of invariant unit of behavior, is a part of the general scheme of activities and is related to relevant normative expectations, which may be shown by the communicants in a given communicative and particular social situations. Every act of communication is characterized by the definite form of interaction, which is based on its correlation with the situation-type, which is the frame with the features and functional conditions inherent to it. Frame structure can be regarded as an independent configuration consisting of a core, a set of standard forms of speech acts, participants of speech event. In addition to these components, an important role belongs to the objective, plan and consequent. Thus, the evaluative situation can be attributed to the frame, as it includes evaluation of the phenomena of the outer world and illustrates the continuity of images of the object and the subject, objectified in the system parts of speech, as well as all the constituents of utterances that make up the situation. Considering the above
stated, the cognitive-communicative field of evaluative situation can be represented as hyperframe of verbal
interaction, which displays all components of the frame in their interconnection and interdependence, which allows to determine the sequence of the constituents of data in the process of updating and predetermine the appearance of certain actions that characterize the core of the frame structure in functional and semantic aspects. An important component of the mechanism of formation of the evaluative utterance is a cognitive factor. On the one hand, it helps to conceptualize the relations between situations of extralinguistic reality (sender’s perspective), and on the other hand, it serves as a specific signal for the process of the mental perception of text (recipient’s perspective). Thus, participants of interaction use are general schemes of encoding and decoding of information that is contained in the utterance.
Consequently, the actualized structure of the evaluative utterance is connected with the realization of the frame structure of a typical act of communication in the form of a holistic multi-level formation — functional-semantic representation. Actualization of a frame structure takes place on the background of social interaction, where the functional-semantic representation of the evaluative frame is promoted by implementing in its structure such items as the illocutionary act-event, topical proposition and typical grammatical construction. As a result, there is a picture of interconnected and interdependent in their development concepts — from parts of the utterance — to all evaluative utterance, which is the core of the cognitive-communicative field of interaction.

Завантаження

Дані завантаження ще не доступні.

Посилання

Arnold I.V. Stilistika sovremennogo angliiskogo yazyka [Stylistics of the Modern English Language] /

I.V. Arnold. — M. : Prosveshcheniie, 1990. — 300 s.

Arutiunova N.D. Referentsiia [Reference] / N.D. Arutiunоva // Lingvisticheskii entsiklopedicheskii

slovar. — M. : Sov. entsikl., 1990. — S. 411–412.

Bakieva G.F. Freim i modelirvaniie situatsii [Frame and Modeling of the Situation] / G.F. Bakieva //

Doklady IV Mezhdunar. konf. «Semantika yazykovykh yedinits». — М. : SportAkademPress, 1998. —

Т. 1. — S. 6–7.

Golubnichaia O.I. Semantiko-funktsionalnyie osobennosti vyskazyvanii napravlennykh na podderzhku

adresata : аvtoref. dis. … kand. filol. nauk : 10.02.04 «Germanskiie yazyki» [Semantic and Functional

To create a metaphorical image in (4) two meanings

of the noun snowflake: direct – the snowflake held

its shape and figurative the snowflake of Dolly’s face

are actualized. The verb dissolve is connected with

the pronoun she by direct syntactic relationship and

realizes figurative meaning, but at the same time

its indirect syntactic relationship with snowflake and

implementation of the direct meaning is obviously

seen.

(5) “І’d love it», said Miss Matfield, forcing a smile”

, 180].

Miss Mayfield’s sincere desire in (5) does not

correspond to her speech behavior, that is the real

intention of one of the communicants (in this case,

Miss Mayfield) is conveyed by non-verbal means

(forcing a smile).

Conclusions

An important component of the mechanism

of formation of the evaluative utterance is a cognitive

factor. On the one hand, it helps to conceptualize

the relations between situations of extralinguistic

reality (sender’s perspective), and on the other hand,

it serves as a specific signal for the process of the mental

perception of text (recipient’s perspective). Thus,

participants of interaction use are general schemes

of encoding and decoding of information that

is contained in the utterance.

Consequently, the actualized structure

of the evaluative utterance is connected with

the realization of the frame structure of a typical

act of communication in the form of a holistic

multi-level formation — functional-semantic

representation. Actualization of a frame structure

takes place on the background of social interaction,

where the functional-semantic representation

of the evaluative frame is promoted by implementing

in its structure such items as the illocutionary

act-event, topical proposition and typical

grammatical construction. As a result, there

is a picture of interconnected and interdependent

in their development concepts — from parts

of the utterance — to all evaluative utterance, which

is the core of the cognitive-communicative field

of interaction.

Збірник наукових праць • Випуск 7, 2016 55

Characteristics of Statements Aimed at Supporting of the Recipient] / O.I. Golubnichaia. — K. : Kiev. gos.

lingv. un-t, 1994. — 24 s.

Deik T.A. van. Yazyk. Poznaniie. Kommunikatsiia [Language. Cognition. Communication] /

T.A. van Deik. — M. : Progress, 1989. — 312 s.

Zhabotynska S.A. Kontseptualnyi analiz: typy freimov [Conceptual Analysis: Types of Frames] /

S.А. Zhabotynska // Visnyk Cherkas. un-tu. Ser. «Filol. nauki». — 1999. — Vyp. 11. — S. 12–25.

Zhabotynska S.A. Imia kak tekst: kontseptualnaia set leksicheskogo znacheniia (analiz imeni emotsii)

[The Name as a Text: Conceptual Network of Lexical Meaning (analysis of the name of emotion)] /

S.А. Zhabotynska // Cognition, Communication, Discourse. — 2013. — № 6. — S. 47–76.

Kusko K.Ya. Freimovi stratehii u riznozhanrovomu inozemnomovnomu dyskursi [Frame Strategies

in Various Genres of Foreign Language Discourse] / К.Ya. Kusko // Movni і kontseptualni kartyny svitu. —

K. : KNU im. T. Shevchenka, 2001. — № 5. — S. 210–214.

Minskii М. Ostroumie i logika kognitivnogo, bessoznatelnogo [Wit and the Logic of the Cognitive

Unconscious] / М. Minskii // NZL. — М. : Progress, 1988. — Vyp. 23. — S. 281–309.

Pankrats Yu.G. Propozitsionalnye strukturu i ikh rol v formirvanii yazykovykh yedinits raznykh urovnei

(na materiale slozhnostrukturirovannykh glagolov sovremennogo angliiskogo yazyka) : аvtoref. dis. …

d-ra filol. nauk : 10.02.04 «Germanskie yazyki» [Propositional Structures and Their Role in the Formation

of Linguistic Units of Different Levels (based on complex structured verbs of modern English language)] /

Yu.G. Pankrats. — М. : IYa RAN, 1992. — 40 s.

Pocheptsov G.G. О kommunikativnoi tipologii adresata [About the Communicative Typology

of the Addressee] / G.G. Pocheptsov // Rechevyie akty v lingvistike i metodike. — Piatigorsk : Gos. ped.

in-t inostr. yaz, 1986. — S. 10–17.

Prykhodko G.I. Kategoriia otsinky v konteksti zminy lingvistychnykh paradigm [Category of Evaluation

in the Context of Changing Linguistic Paradigms] / G.I. Prykhodko. — Zaporizhzhia : Krugozor, 2016. —

s.

Romanov A.A. Sistemnyi analiz reguliativnykh sredstv dialogicheskogo obshcheniia [The System

Analysis of Regulatory Tools of Dialogic Communication] / А.А. Romanov. — М. : IYa RAN, 1988. — 183

s.

Samokhina V.O. Zhart u suchasnomu komunikatuvnomu prostori Velykoi Brytanii ta SShA [The

Joke in Modern Communicative Space of the UK and the USA] / V.О. Samokhina. — [2-е vud pererob.

і dop.]. — Kharkiv : HNU im. V.N. Karazina, 2012. — 360 s.

Fillmore Ch. Freimy i semantika ponimaniia [Frames and the Semantics of Understanding] /

Ch. Fillmore // NZL. — М. : Progress, 1988. — Vyp. 23: Kognitivnyie aspekty yazyka. — S. 52–92.

Shakhnarovich A.M. Ontogenez myslerechedeiiatelnosti i tekst [Ontogenez of the Thought and Speech

Activities: Semantics and Text] / А.М. Shakhnarovich // Filol. nauki. — 1998. — № 1. — S. 56–64.

Shakhnarovich А.М. Kognitivnyie i kommunikativnyie aspekty rechevoi deiatelnosti [Cognitive and

Communicative Aspects of Speech Activities] / А.М. Shakhnarovich, V.I. Golod // Vopr. yazykoznaniia. —

— № 2. — S. 52–56.

Shelovskikh T.I. Rechevoi akt soveta: funktsionalno-pragmaticheskii analiz : аvtoref. dis. … kand.

filol. nauk : 10.02.19 «Teoriia yazyka» [Speech Act of Advice: Functional and Pragmatic Analysis] /

T.I. Shelovskikh. — Voronezh : Voronezh. gos. un-t, 1995. — 16 s.

Benthem J.V. Linguistic Universals in Logical Semantics / J.V. Benthem // Semantic Universals and

Universal Semantics. — Berlin : Max Niemayer, 1991. — P. 17–36.

Kintsch W. The Role of Knowledge in Discourse Comprehension: A Construction-Integration Model /

W. Kintsch // Psychological Review. — 1988. — № 5. — P. 163–182.

Kroon C. A Framework for the Description of Latin Discourse Markers / C. Kroon // Journal

of Pragmatics. — 1998. — Vol. 30. — P. 205–223.

Sökeland W. Inderektheit von Sprechandlungen: Eine Linguistische Untersuchung / W. Sökeland. —

Tübungen : Niemeyer, 1980. — 168 s.

Aldington R. Death of a Hero / R. Aldington. — L. : Sphere, 1968. — 376 p.

Capote T. The Grass Harp / T. Capote. — Progress Publ., 1974. — 208 p.

Durrell G. My Family and Other Animals / G Durrell. — М. : Высшая школа, 1987. — 173 p.

Priestley J.B. Angel Pavement / J.B. Priestley. — M. : Progress Publishers, 1974. — 504 p.

Salinger D. The Catcher in the Rye / D. Salinger. — M. : Apt + N, 1998. — 193 p.

Downloads


Переглядів анотації: 242

Опубліковано

2017-09-12

Як цитувати

Prihodko, H. (2017). ACTUALIZATION OF EVALUATION IN COGNITIVE-COMMUNICATIVE FIELD. Studia Philologica, (2). вилучено із https://studiap.kubg.edu.ua/index.php/journal/article/view/180

Номер

Розділ

Мовознавство